What Does The Curling Leaves On Tomato Plant Mean?

curling-leaves-on-tomato-plant

We want the best for our plants, don't we? It's because our plants are vital to us as they serve as our source of food, as well as a form of decoration for our houses. However, problems are inevitable when it comes to planting growth. One of these are the curling tomato plant leaves. But what does the curling leaves on tomato plant means? In this article, we're going to talk about just that.

Why Tomato Plant Leaves Curl?

There are a lot of reasons as to why the leaves of tomato plants curl. Some of these reasons are caused by the weather conditions, environment, and even how you treat them. However, not all of these causes pose any danger to your tomato plant.

1. Weather Stress

One of the most common reasons why your tomato plant leaves curl is due to the weather stress it experiences. Tomato plants are very sensitive when it comes to the weather and climate conditions. They have a very strong reaction in adapting to the varying temperature differences throughout the day and seasons.

It’s because of this that their leaves curl. During the cold and rainy months, the leaves located in the bottom portion of the tomato plant thicken. This thickening then causes it to roll and curl up because it cannot anymore support its weight. This is due to the abundant supply of water it gets. It is a natural adaptive response of tomato plants to the environmental conditions it is in.

There’s no need to worry if this is the reason why your tomato plant leaves curl because this doesn’t affect the plant’s fruit production or the quality of the tomatoes it would soon bear. You don’t need to do any treatments to your tomato plant if this is the case.

2. Irregular Irrigation

Another probable reason behind your tomato plant's curling leaves is irregular irrigation. Tomato plants need to be regularly irrigated so that stagnant water wouldn't accumulate on the plant's growing stems. The water needs to be flowing regularly to ensure that the plant is oxygenated. When this happens, the tomato plant's leaves will react to it by rolling the leaves inward.

This is the plant’s natural response to protect the leaves from being dampened even more. Remember that if your tomato plant gets too much water or is soaked in water for long periods of time, it would easily get drowned.

3. Improper Pruning

It's important for you to regularly and properly prune your tomato plant. It's through this process that you can remove the dead and overgrown branches on your growing plant. When these are left on your plant, they would be sucking up a lot of the nutrients that the stems and leaves should be taking all of themselves. It's because of this lack of nutrients that your tomato plant's leaves grow abnormally and twist into deformed shapes.

4. Herbicides

Herbicides are also among the leading causes of tomato plant’s curled up leaves. This is because these are substances which are toxic to plants. Herbicides are used to destroy unwanted vegetation such as weeds and fungi. However, if you’re using this, there’s a chance that it might be wind-blown to your garden.

When this happens, your tomato plant’s leaves would have curled edges and be deformed into a cup-shape figure. This does not only cause deformity on the physical look of the leaves, but this can also reduce the quality of the fruits that your tomato plant will bear. Worse is that it can even be hazardous to your health when you consume the tomatoes that you plant bears.

4. Broad Mite Infestation

When growing tomato plants, it is important that you plant them in a place which can receive direct sunlight. This prevents broad mite from infesting on your tomato plants. If you don't follow this, there's a huge tendency that broad mites will use the growing plant as their shelter. These pests thrive in shaded and cold places. They feed on newly-grown leaves and flowers because these are softer and contain more nutrients. As they bite into it, they also inject harmful toxins that cause the tomato plant's leaves to curl.

What Is The Cure For Tomato Leaves Curling?

One of the best ways to refrain your tomato plant's leaves from curling is to check and observe your plant's growth regularly. It is through this that you can see if there are any infected leaves or branches. When you spot these, you can then immediately remove them. This is a simple, yet very effective way to not let your tomato plant's leaves curl.

Before planting, you can also choose a disease and pest-resistance tomato variety. Thanks to today's technological advancements, there are already a lot of tomato varieties that are tolerant of any disease and pest infestations. This also means that they are one hundred percent sure not to have any curled leaves.

You can also use floating row covers on your tomato plants. You can use this by simply putting this on your plants. This protects them from unwanted weed growth. Take note that the number one reason why pests are present is that of the presence of weeds. By stopping weed growth, you are also stopping pest infestation.

Conclusion

The reasons why your tomato plant's leaves are curling might either be because of weather stress, irregular irrigation, improper pruning, herbicide infection, and pest infestation. If the cause is due to weather stress, you don't need to worry about it because it is just a natural response.

However, if the reasons are the remaining four, then it’s best that you do treatments on your plant. You can remove infected leaves, water it regularly, do regular irrigation and pruning, place a floating row cover, choose the disease and pest-resistance tomato variety, and to make sure you plant it in a place which can receive direct sunlight.

If you have any questions, feel free to voice it out in the comment section below. We’ll be more than happy to hear from you.

The Best And Most Effective Tips On How To Grow Curry Leaves

how-to-grow-curry-leaves

I am a herb person and personally like adding herbs and spices in my dish. One of my favorites is the curry leaves. To note, curry leaves are not similar to curry powder. It is used mainly to add aroma to curry dishes because it's heady and spicy just like how some people use bay leaf. I learned how to grow curry leaves at home and mine is a small bush but it can usually grow from 13 up to 20 feet.

1. What are curry plants

What they look like

Native from India, curry plant blossoms fragrant white flowers and grows poisonous berry like fruits - small and black. Its resting period is during the winter season but you can expect it to be at its peak all throughout the other three seasons. During these times, you will get flowering curry plants with vivid, green leaves.

Different types

There are three kinds of curry plants. First, the regular curry which can grow really fast and the tallest of its kind. The leaves doesn't look like the ones you buy in the supermarket. The second one is the dwarf curry, which can grow as the smallest and produces longer leaves that are lighter green. The third one is the gamthi curry, this takes the longest time to grow but is also the most aromatic of the three with thicker leaves.

2. What to consider

Take care of the seeds

You can choose to start by either using curry seeds or curry cuttings. To get your own seeds from its fruit, dig into its insides by thoroughly cleaning it or you can also sow the whole fruit. For a good chance of germination, it is advisable to use fresh seeds.

Choose your soil

For your soil, moisture is an important factor. Do not wet your potting soil entirely, the best way to go so you can effectively sow your seeds is to keep your soil damp.

Give them the right temperature

Curry seeds can germinate well in warmer areas. Keep your growing place in a minimum of 20 degrees Celsius (68 degrees Fahrenheit). All of the three variants have to be grown where there is adequate sunlight exposure.

3. Sowing your curry plant

What containers

In most American gardens, the best option is to start growing your seedlings or cuttings in a container. Also take note that once your plant has grown, it is time to transfer it from your starting container into a bigger one to accommodate growth.

Where to sow

You can opt to grow your plant indoors but you must be careful to strategically place it where there is sun such as near your windows. The best soil to use is slightly acidic and does not pool water so as not to deprive your plant with its needed oxygen.

4. What temperature can do

Beating colder months

Despite the fact that curry plants growth depletes during winter season, you can combat this by exposing your plant in the sunniest and warmest area of your indoor garden. In this way, the resting period during winter can be shortened and you can prevent your plants from losing so much leaves.

Precautions for warmer months

Though warmth is encouraged for curry leaves, it is also advised to watch out for over sun exposure. You can do this by gradually exposing the plant to the heat to avoid frying your curry leaves especially at times when the temperature goes up until 100 degrees Fahrenheit.

5. Procedure

Speeding up growth

In using seed to propagate, allot around one to two years for your seedlings. To produce a plant with multiple branches and to yield abundant leaves, you can pinch and trim the plant while they are still young. While it is important to use fresh seeds, the quicker way to germinate it is by removing the outer layer that is hard. As seeds tend to grow slower, you can choose to grow your plant by buying leaf plants from nurseries or Asian markets.

Leaves or stems

The leaves are considered like a cutting. Choose fresh leaves and cut them one inch from the bottom. In choosing a stem, cut about three inches making sure it has leaves in it. You can then immerse the leaves or the stem into your growing medium. Planting curry leaves is one of the easiest ways to breed.

6. Proper maintenance

Fertilizer and pests

You can use a diluted fertilizer made of seaweed in your curry plant on a weekly basis. As your plant starts to grow, you can proceed in trimming down the leaves.

Curry plant is also prone to attract mites. To combat this nuisance, you can use water that is tepid, not too warm and not too cold to wash your leaves off. In conjunction with this, you can also use a mild detergent or soap to better clean it out. For pests which can hinder the growth of your plant, you can go with insecticidal soap.

Watering

During milder seasons such as spring, watering your plants can be done at least once a week. But as summer comes, curry plants won' t tolerate the heat. Also, as it grows larger, you will also need to water it more often as you used to in the beginning preferably twice a day.

Curry plant can be grown easily as long as you keep these things in mind. The plant needs just enough sun and warmth and the basics of gardening must be applied as well which makes this a perfect feat even for beginners. These amazing herb offers a great variety in your dishes and in your garden too! I hope that these information benefits you well and encourages you to grow this amazing herb as an addition to your garden. If you like this post, please leave a comment below so I will know. Happy gardening!

When Transplanting A Plant From A Pot To The Ground You Should

Most homeowners decorate their homes with a variety of potted plants. Plants bring life to your home’s interior. In some cases, you may eventually decide to move it to your outdoor space and cultivate it into a garden flower bed.

So, is it possible to replant your potted greens into the ground without damaging the plant? The answer is yes. When transplanting a plant from a pot to the ground you should follow the steps below to ensure a successful procedure.

Moving a healthy plant doesn’t just require digging and transferring the roots. You should take more precautions when doing this gardening project. In this article, we’ll show you how it is done properly.

Here are the materials that you’ll need:

  • Potted plant
  • Organic matter (compost, peat moss, decomposed manure, leaf mold)
  • Water
  • Hose or bucket
  • Shovel
  • Trowel
  • Knife

Step-by-Step:

Whether your old plant is already too big for its pot or you simply feel like it’s time to move your plant into the garden, transferring it isn’t as simple as you may think. It requires proper care and handling. You don’t just pull it out and dump it on the ground and expect it to grow.

A successful transplant requires proper planning and following certain procedures. You don’t have to worry though because you don’t have to be a professional gardener to be able to do this. Just follow these steps.

1. Check the compatibility.

Before you start, keep your potted plant watered regularly to prepare it for transferring. Check if your plant can actually survive once you transfer it to the ground.

Do your research and study the plant’s structure and identify what type of temperature, sunlight, soil, and water conditions it can thrive in. You can also try to let your potted plant sit in the sunlight for a few days before you move it. This will test the adaptability of the plant.

We recommend you conduct your transplant late in the afternoon or during the evening. If you must do it in the morning, schedule it before sunrise to avoid the heat of the sun. A cloudy day is even better.

2. Prepare the ground.

Dig a hole that is 3 to 4 times wider than your potted plant and at least 1 ½ times deeper than its height. The hole should be wide and deep enough to accommodate the plant’s roots.

Make sure that the ground is either moist or dry and not muddy. Then add the organic matter into the extracted soil. Put in the compost, peat moss, decomposed manure,and leaf mold into the soil and mix some soil back into the hole. Then fill the hole with water.

3. Remove the plant from the pot.

Carefully loosen the soil in the pot and place your hand on the base of the plant over the soil. Use your other hand to tip the pot over.

The plant and soil should come out of the pot in one piece. If this doesn’t work smoothly the first time, check if the roots have extended to the bottom of the pot and cut it. Be careful when handling the roots and do not just pull the plant from the pot because it may damage the roots.

Avoid exposing the roots to sun, wind, or heat because it can add more damage to the plant. In some pots, the roots tend to form a thick layer on the outer part of the root ball. In this case, you should cut the roots on the bottom and sides using a knife.

Cutting the roots may stimulate the growth of the roots. If the roots appear too constricted, try to loosen it using your fingers. When removing the plant, handle it with care to avoid damaging the stems and leaves.

4. Place the plant in the hole.

Make sure you have your base ready when you put your plant in it. Then fill in the gaps with loose dirt until the hole is entirely filled.

Make sure you seal all gaps because the soil should be able to support the plant and roots in place. Fill half of the hole with water. This ensures that there are no air pockets left in the ground.

5. Water the plant.

Once you’re done, water your plant until it adapts to its new environment. Then continue to follow the instructions on how to properly maintain and take care of the plant.

We recommend, setting up a temporary shade for your plant to avoid wilting from the sun. More importantly, make sure that your plant is getting the right amount of water it requires. You may water it daily or even twice a day if the weather is extremely hot.

After completing the transplant, use your empty pot and recycle it by planting a new plant. You can plant your favorite flower or herb. If you don’t have plans of using it for planting, you can use it for other purposes.

Get creative. You can transform it into a container for your kitchen tools or ingredients. You can even transform it into a home décor. Just make sure you clean it well and give it a fresh can of paint to make it look more attractive.

Final Thoughts

Now that you have an idea on how to successfully transfer your potted plant into the ground, I suggest you take on the challenge and do this taskin your garden or backyard. You can ask your kids to help you water the plants so that they are aware of how important it is to properly take care of the plant. This is a great gardening project that you can get everyone to participate in.

You don’t even have to call a professional gardener to do this task for you. Just follow the steps above and you’ll be able to successfully transplant on your own.

If you find this article helpful and informative, please do share it with your friends. We are open to your comments, suggestions, and questions.

Vegetable Garden Layout Plans And Spacing That Is Suited

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What I had in mind when I started my first vegetable garden is that I want to provide my family with fresh produce. There is nothing more refreshing than freshly prepared tomatoes and lettuce for lunch. I struggled for a while in finding the perfect vegetable garden layout plans and spacing that is suited in my backyard.

But with some thorough research, I have developed a garden that has been loved by my entire family. I am aiming to assist you through this post in doing the same thing for your garden.

1. Planning Your Garden

Things to Consider

Sunlight is essential in growing your plants. You have to make sure that your garden's location is strategic enough. Several vegetables including those that produce fruits will yield more if they receive at least six to eight hours worth of direct sun exposure. It is okay to plant leafy and root vegetables in an area with a partial shade.

In choosing the best spot, it is advisable to check the area several times in a day in order to note when and how long the sun shines on it. Avoid planting your vegetables in narrowed and walled spaces.

You will get plenty of water supply during rainy seasons. However, you also have to strategize your water source in the event that rain does not come. As soon as the season changes, it will be more convenient for you if you have chosen a garden location that is nearby a water source.

Do not plant your vegetables where other trees or large shrubs are growing. These plants and your vegetables will be robbing each other with water and nutrients from the soil. In choosing the best soil, go with loose, fertile and well-drained. Try avoiding very sandy or heavy clay soils. Make sure that you dig out and remove caliche. Also avoid areas where there is too much alkali salts or where Johnson grass, nutgrass or Bermudagrass grow.

Formulating Your Garden Layout

Starting your own garden does not require you a huge space. If you live in an apartment or any small living condition, you can opt to grow your vegetables in containers. Choosing beans and peas will let you increase your produce despite the limited garden space as these vegetables can climb upwards on your walls.

The first step in achieving the best vegetable garden layout plans and spacing is to create a sketch of where you intend to plant. Make your own gardening notebook or journal starting with the size of your location or where you plan to place your containers.

Next is to decide what kinds of vegetable species you are going to plant. In doing this, you have to consider your family's preferences and needs, the climate in your location and the practicality involved in your living condition.

Place marks on where you have decided to plant your vegetables. It is important that you provide enough growing space between each seedlings. You also have to write down the dates on when to plant specific vegetables in accordance with the harvest seasons and individual growth process. It is ideal to place vegetables that are of the same harvest time near each other.

Implementing Garden Layout

Your vegetable garden layout in general follows a south to north pattern. This will provide your vegetables with the needed air circulation and sun exposure.

If you have an issue with garden space, you have an option of planting bushy types of vegetables such as tomatoes, broccoli, beets, turnips, beans, onions, radishes and carrots among many others. Make use of your vertical space by growing climbing crops.

Tall plants such as peas or beans and corns should be planted on the northern side of your garden. As these plants will tend to grow taller, having them adjacent to smaller vegetables will create unnecessary shade.

The middle part of your garden should house medium sized vegetables such as broccoli, squash, cabbage and pumpkins. The shorter crops like carrots, radishes, onions, lettuce and beets can be planted in the southern part of your garden.

2. Types Of Vegetable Garden Layout

Block Style Garden Layout

Block style do not follow single rows. There are multiple rows aligned together in the growing bed. This is the best option if you want to increase your produce. This provides a yield that is five times higher than what you can achieve using the usual layout of single rows.

To do this, you can begin planting your seedlings in the rectangular divisions of the soil bed instead of the traditional individual rows. This technique will eliminate unnecessary passage. There should be an equal amount of space in all directions between the adjacent plants. So let us say you are planting lettuce. The patch should be in a three-inch by three-inch centers.

Raised Bed Gardening

The block style layout is best paired with raised gardening. These two combined will give you an increased produce and there would be lesser areas to weed out. Because the soil is raised, there is no foot traffic on the growing bed decreasing soil compaction.

This will also let you plant earlier as the better drainage will keep the water warm faster during spring. Because of the elevation, you can place a cover over the bed during rainy seasons enabling continuous planting. The height will also make it easier for people with difficulties in mobility to continue with gardening.

Raised beds are also a good addition to your landscape design. An appealing landscape can be achieved if you create various beds in different heights.

The deeper the beds are, the easier it will be to manage it. You can fill in the bed with around eight to 12 inches of soil depending on how good the soil below is. The better the soil quality below, the lesser soil you will need in your raised bed.

Square Foot Gardens

In small living spaces, you can create your own four by four square foot gardens. This is miniature version of a raised garden. You can use a two by six board. By using a string, you can divide these boards into 16 one-foot squares.

Depending on the size of your seedlings, you can start planting one or more vegetables in each of the squares. Refer to the seed packet for information regarding the spacing of your seedlings.

Since you are using a small area, you can invest on blended compost to fill in your square foot garden. You can choose between poultry or manure, worm castings or green waste.

The passion in gardening has provided our family with moments of fun outside the sun as well as a bounty of vitamin and nutrient filled meals. I intend to give you the same quality of experience with these vegetable garden layout plans and spacing tips. I have done my fair share of gardening experimentation so should you have any questions, just leave them in the comment section below as I might be able to help you out. If you love this article, please do not forget to like and share it with your friends and family.

How To Use A Potting Mix vs A Potting Soil In 5 Simple Ways

potting-mix-vs-potting-soil

If you’re new to world of gardening, there are certain terms that you will surely come across such as potting mix vs potting soil. While it may be confusing at first, we’re here to guide you to help you understand the basics of gardening.

Some gardeners usually identify and segregate their materials to help categorize the difference between potting mix vs potting soil. However, there is not much really difference between the two. Both are characterized as potting mediums that are used to help grow and develop the plants that are produced in containers.

Potting Mediums

A successful and healthy plant production requires the use of potting mediums. This is utilized in order to create the right balance to help certain plants grow and thrive.

Potting mediums involve different types of materials that are combined to nourish the plants, provide proper air circulation and develop an efficient drainage system in order for the plants to cultivate properly. There are various types of potting mixes such as sand, charcoal, fertilizer, perlite, vermiculite, peat moss, and loam among many others. On the other hand, some potting materials do not contain soil in them.

Potting mediums, potting mixes, and potting soils are all created and formulated to be used in containers. These are not meant for beds. A bed, on the other hand, uses garden soil mix or blended topsoil. As a newbie, you may get slightly confused at first. When I started, I did not clearly understand the difference between the two.

How To Determine The Difference Between A Potting Soil vs a Potting Mix

potting-mix-vs-potting-soil-difference

1. Potting soil

A potting soil is a commercial plant medium that contains three key ingredients such as pine bark, peat moss, and a perlite or vermiculite.

Be wary that a potting soil doesn’t actually contain soil in it. Instead, it is made up of natural ingredients that are derived from plants and minerals. A soil may be added later on but only after it has undergone a sterilization process using heat treatment. Potting soils normally have high water absorbance.

Some potting soils are made of composite materials such as compost, manures, and peat moss. To fill out the potting mix, inorganic materials such as perlite and vermiculite are added.

How to choose the right type of potting soil?

Choosing the right potting soil can assure you of producing a healthy plant. The soil you choose should have a light and soft texture. Make sure your potting soil has all three key ingredients.

You may add a fertilizer through slow release formulation and adjust accordingly based on your requirement. If your potting soil requires moisture retaining treatment, you may have to alternatively change your water patterns.

2. Potting mix

Similar to a potting soil, a potting mix doesn’t also contain ant soil in it. Instead, it is formulated with a small amount of microorganisms to provide the seeds with a clean and sterile environment. This helps increase the growth of the plants, especially since all resources are readily available.

The microorganisms also prevent the plants from developing diseases. Generally, potting mixes are used to grow seedlings and usually contains peat or compost.

How To Properly Use A Potting Soil And A Potting Mix

Technically, both mediums work well on growing plants in a container. The downside, however, is the quality of the soil or compost that often hinders the progress and growth. So, how do you avoid this? Here are some simpletips.

  • Use a high-quality soil. Before adding it to the potting mix, make sure that you are using a high-quality soil. Otherwise, it may not serve its purpose as a growing medium.
  • Check the nutrients and pH balance.Your potting mix is significantly affected by quality of your compost and the peat that helps absorb the water. If your peat contains low-quality ingredients, it may end up retaining too much water. At the same time a poor compost may contain too many microorganisms which is also not good for your plant’s growth.
  • Use the potting mix and soil correctly. Remember, a potting mix is highly recommended for plants that need a nutrient enhancement including germinating plants and flowers. Potting soils, on the other hand, are more suitable to help you properly grow plants that do not require heavy maintenance such as tropical house plants.
  • Read the label. Make sure you use the appropriate potting medium for your plant project. Don’t forget to check and read the label on the package first. Check the ingredients on the bag or ask about the contents. If your bag has soil in it, then it is not meant for container plants and instead is used for raising beds or filling bald spots in your lawn.
  • Use the right amountof mix.Before you plant your seed, test your mix first. Keep your proportions on spot. Make sure your soil or mix can hold up your plant. If your plant has a deeper set of roots, it is more advisable to use a potting soil. However, for smaller plants that do not yet have a root system, you may opt to use a potting mix instead.

Final Tips and Reminders

Don’t forget that when you’re working with container plants, the seedlings flourish best when you start planting in a clean and sterile environment. Make sure your container has tons of drainage available. You wouldn’t want your potting soil or mix to drown out your plant.

Use a potting soil that contains a mixture of peat, pine bark, and a perlite or vermiculite. Then you may try adding a potting mix over the soil. Potting soils and mixes come in various types. Each have specific mixtures that are more appropriate for certain kinds of plants.

We hope you found this article helpful and informative. Let us know how it turns out. We’d love to hear your comments and feedback. If you have any suggestions, feel free to leave us a message below and please don’t forget to share this write-up with your friends.